【2020-05-31】圣洁的事奉与圣洁的事奉者


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主啊,我愿得着事奉带来的意义和满足,求主让我在事奉上常常有分。奉主名求,阿们。


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以西结书44:10~31

利未人的职责

10 “‘以色列人走迷了路的时候,有利未人远离我,走迷了路。他们离开我去随从他们的偶像,他们必担当自己的罪孽。

“‘The Levites who went far from me when Israel went astray and who wandered from me after their idols must bear the consequences of their sin.

11 他们要在我的圣所作仆役,看管殿门,在圣殿中供职;他们要为人民宰杀燔祭牲和其他祭牲,又要站在人民面前侍候他们。

They may serve in my sanctuary, having charge of the gates of the temple and serving in it; they may slaughter the burnt offerings and sacrifices for the people and stand before the people and serve them.

12 因为这些利未人曾在他们的偶像前侍候这人民,成了陷以色列家在罪孽中的绊脚石。因此,我向他们举手起誓,他们必要担当自己的罪孽。这是主耶和华的宣告。

But because they served them in the presence of their idols and made the people of Israel fall into sin, therefore I have sworn with uplifted hand that they must bear the consequences of their sin, declares the Sovereign Lord.

13 他们不可亲近我,作我的祭司,也不可亲近我的一切圣物,或至圣之物。他们必要担当自己的羞辱和他们所行可憎之事的报应。

They are not to come near to serve me as priests or come near any of my holy things or my most holy offerings; they must bear the shame of their detestable practices.

14 然而我要委派他们看守圣殿,办理圣殿的一切事务,作一切当作的工。

And I will appoint them to guard the temple for all the work that is to be done in it.

祭司当守的条例

15 “以色列人走迷了路,离开我的时候,有祭司利未人,就是撒督的子孙,仍然看守我的圣所;只有他们可以亲近我,事奉我,侍立在我面前,把脂肪和血献给我。这是主耶和华的宣告。

“But the Levitical priests, who are descendants of Zadok and who guarded my sanctuary when the Israelites went astray from me, are to come near to minister before me; they are to stand before me to offer sacrifices of fat and blood, declares the Sovereign Lord.

16 他们可以进入我的圣所,可以走近我的桌前来事奉我,守我所吩咐的职责。

They alone are to enter my sanctuary; they alone are to come near my table to minister before me and serve me as guards.

17 每逢他们进入内院的门,必须穿上细麻衣;每逢他们在内院的门和圣殿里供职,他们不可穿上羊毛的衣服。

When they enter the gates of the inner court, they are to wear linen clothes; they must not wear any woolen garment while ministering at the gates of the inner court or inside the temple.

18 他们头上要戴细麻布的头巾,腰间要穿细麻布的裤子;不可穿上使身体容易出汗的衣服。

They are to wear linen turbans on their heads and linen undergarments around their waists. They must not wear anything that makes them perspire.

19 每逢他们出到外院民众那里,就要把供职的衣服脱下,存放在圣殿的房子里,然后穿上别的衣服,免得因自己的圣衣使人民成圣。

When they go out into the outer court where the people are, they are to take off the clothes they have been ministering in and are to leave them in the sacred rooms, and put on other clothes, so that the people are not consecrated through contact with their garments.

20 他们不可剃头,也不可留长头发,只可剪短头发。

They must not shave their heads or let their hair grow long, but they are to keep the hair of their heads trimmed.

21 所有祭司进入内院的时候,都不可喝酒。

No priest is to drink wine when he enters the inner court.

22 他们不可娶寡妇或被休的妇人;只可娶以色列后裔中的处女,或是祭司留下的寡妇。

They must not marry widows or divorced women; they may marry only virgins of Israelite descent or widows of priests.

23 他们要教导我的子民分别圣俗,使他们分辨洁净的和不洁净的。

They are to teach my people the difference between the holy and the common and show them how to distinguish between the unclean and the clean.

24 他们要在争讼的事上作判断,要按着我的典章判断。他们要在我所有的节期里谨守我的律法和条例,守我的安息日为圣日。

In any dispute, the priests are to serve as judges and decide it according to my ordinances. They are to keep my laws and my decrees for all my appointed festivals, and they are to keep my Sabbaths holy.

25 他们不可接近死人,玷污自己,但如果死人是他们的父亲、母亲、儿子、女儿、兄弟或是未嫁的姊妹,他们就可以玷污自己。

A priest must not defile himself by going near a dead person; however, if the dead person was his father or mother, son or daughter, brother or unmarried sister, then he may defile himself.

26 祭司洁净以后,还要再等七天。

After he is cleansed, he must wait seven days.

27 他进入内院,到圣所去,在圣所供职的时候,他要献上赎罪祭。这是主耶和华的宣告。

On the day he goes into the inner court of the sanctuary to minister in the sanctuary, he is to offer a sin offering for himself, declares the Sovereign Lord.

耶和华是祭司的产业

28 “祭司必有产业;我就是他们的产业。你们不可在以色列中给他们基业;我就是他们的基业。

I am to be the only inheritance the priests have. You are to give them no possession in Israel; I will be their possession.

29 素祭、赎罪祭和赎愆祭,他们都可以吃。以色列中所有献给耶和华之物,都要归给他们。

They will eat the grain offerings, the sin offerings and the guilt offerings; and everything in Israel devoted to the Lord will belong to them.

30 所有初熟之物中最好的和你们献上的一切供物,都要归给祭司;你们也要把最先磨好的面给祭司,好让福气临到你的家。

The best of all the firstfruits and of all your special gifts will belong to the priests. You are to give them the first portion of your ground meal so that a blessing may rest on your household.

31 无论是飞鸟或是走兽,凡是自然死的,或是被撕裂的,祭司都不可吃。

The priests must not eat anything, whether bird or animal, found dead or torn by wild animals.


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► 这段经文的要点是什么?

► 这段经文对于天父、主耶稣、圣灵有何启示?

► 这段经文怎样帮助你明白你自己、你的处境或你的人际关系?

► 这段经文有没有一个应许、命令、警告或案例是特别为你而说的呢?


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利未支派是上帝所拣选在圣殿担当圣职的支派;利未的儿子革顺、哥辖和米拉利生儿育女,产生了多个宗族家室,其中哥辖的子孙、亚伦家族被上帝拣选作祭司,其他家族的利未人则世世代代作祭司的帮手(参出6:16~20,28:1~2,29:1~9;民3:6~10;代上6章)。

“以色列人走迷了路的时候,有利未人远离我……他们不可亲近我,作我的祭司。”(10、13)话虽这样说,但以前也有不少利未人在事奉中犯过错,但他们悔改后,仍可在新殿中事奉上帝;所以,这里所指的利未人是亚伦的后裔,原本是作祭司的,他们悔改后只能承担一般利未人的职务。这些利未人在信仰上一度堕落,离弃所事奉的上帝,转而事奉偶像,就算是悔改了,上帝也悦纳了,但仍须承担后果(“担当自己的罪孽”,10、12)。

有人跌倒,也有人坚立不倒,祭司撒督和他的子孙,在历史洪流中一直忠于职守、事奉上帝;他们“仍然看守我的圣所”(15)。上帝称许这班忠心耿耿的祭司;“只有他们可以亲近我,事奉我……”上帝要继续使用他们和他们的后人,以他们为亲近自己的事奉者。

除了献祭的事奉,祭司的职责还包括:教导百姓过分别为圣的生活、为百姓判断纠纷(24)等。为了这些圣职,上帝嘱咐祭司必须在个人生活上分别为圣,在衣着、仪容、饮食、婚事、丧事、产业等一切事情上,都要遵行上帝的指引(17~31)。


上帝对利未人的嘱咐,让我们看见事奉是圣洁的职事,是不容事奉者轻忽或随意对待的;我们事奉的对象纵然是人,但呼召我们参与事奉的却是上帝。因此,所有愿意事奉的人,都要以圣洁的生命,按照祂的心意来事奉,这是事奉者当尽的本分。我们事奉,既是出于上帝的呼召(即拣选),同时也是恩典,是上帝赐给我们的恩典!惟愿我们渴慕事奉上帝,并且愿意以圣洁、忠心地事奉祂。


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→ 我们有没有具体的行动,能在生活中实践上帝的话语?

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请以你读经的亮光

向上帝献上赞美、认罪、立志及祈求


Tips:

若将灵修内容记录在灵修日记中,这会帮助你重温上帝对你的提醒、教导及带领。


【明日经文】以西结书45:1~25

-The End-

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