【2021-05-20】燔祭:活祭


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主啊,我愿献上我的全人给你。愿我口中的言语、心里的意念,在你面前蒙悦纳,奉主名求,阿们。


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利未记1:1~17

燔祭的条例

1 耶和华呼叫摩西,从会幕里对摩西说:

The Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting. He said,

2 “你要告诉以色列人说:如果你们中间有人把供物献给耶和华,就要从牛群羊群中献家畜为供物。

“Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When anyone among you brings an offering to the Lord, bring as your offering an animal from either the herd or the flock.

3 他的供物若是献牛作燔祭,就要把一头没有残疾的公牛,牵到会幕门口,就可以在耶和华面前蒙悦纳。

‘If the offering is a burnt offering from the herd, you are to offer a male without defect. You must present it at the entrance to the tent of meeting so that it will be acceptable to the Lord.

4 他要按手在燔祭牲的头上,燔祭就蒙悦纳,可以为他赎罪。

You are to lay your hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be accepted on your behalf to make atonement for you.

5 他要在耶和华面前宰杀那公牛,亚伦子孙作祭司的,要奉上血,泼在会幕门口祭坛的四周。

You are to slaughter the young bull before the Lord, and then Aaron’s sons the priests shall bring the blood and splash it against the sides of the altar at the entrance to the tent of meeting.

6 那人要剥去燔祭牲的皮,把燔祭牲切成块子。

You are to skin the burnt offering and cut it into pieces.

7 亚伦子孙作祭司的,要把炭火放在祭坛上,把柴排列在火上;

The sons of Aaron the priest are to put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire.

8 亚伦子孙作祭司的,要把肉块和头,以及脂肪,排列在祭坛炭火上的木柴上面。

Then Aaron’s sons the priests shall arrange the pieces, including the head and the fat, on the wood that is burning on the altar.

9 那人又要用水洗净内脏和腿;祭司就把这一切全献在祭坛上焚烧,作为燔祭,就是献给耶和华馨香的火祭。

You are to wash the internal organs and the legs with water, and the priest is to burn all of it on the altar. It is a burnt offering, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the Lord.

10 “人的供物若是献羊作燔祭,不论是绵羊或是山羊,总要献一只没有残疾的公羊。

‘If the offering is a burnt offering from the flock, from either the sheep or the goats, you are to offer a male without defect.

11 他要在耶和华面前,在祭坛的北面,把羊宰杀;亚伦子孙作祭司的,要把羊血泼在祭坛的四周。

You are to slaughter it at the north side of the altar before the Lord, and Aaron’s sons the priests shall splash its blood against the sides of the altar.

12 那人要把燔祭牲切成块子;祭司就把肉块、头和脂肪,排列在祭坛炭火上的木柴上面;

You are to cut it into pieces, and the priest shall arrange them, including the head and the fat, on the wood that is burning on the altar.

13 那人又要用水洗净内脏和腿,祭司就把这一切全献在祭坛上焚烧,作为燔祭,就是献给耶和华馨香的火祭。

You are to wash the internal organs and the legs with water, and the priest is to bring all of them and burn them on the altar. It is a burnt offering, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the Lord.

14 “人若是献鸟类为燔祭作耶和华的供物,就要献斑鸠或雏鸽。

‘If the offering to the Lord is a burnt offering of birds, you are to offer a dove or a young pigeon.

15 祭司要把鸟带到祭坛那里,扭下它的头来,焚烧在祭坛上;又把鸟血挤出来,流在祭坛的壁上;

The priest shall bring it to the altar, wring off the head and burn it on the altar; its blood shall be drained out on the side of the altar.

16 又要除掉鸟的嗉囊和脏物,丢在祭坛东边,倒灰的地方。

He is to remove the crop and the feathers and throw them down east of the altar where the ashes are.

17 然后要拿着两个翅膀把鸟撕裂,只是不可撕断。祭司要把它放在祭坛,在炭火上的木柴上面焚烧,作为燔祭,就是献给耶和华馨香的火祭。”

He shall tear it open by the wings, not dividing it completely, and then the priest shall burn it on the wood that is burning on the altar. It is a burnt offering, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the Lord.


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► 这段经文的要点是什么?

► 这段经文对于天父、主耶稣、圣灵有何启示?

► 这段经文怎样帮助你明白你自己、你的处境或你的人际关系?

► 这段经文有没有一个应许、命令、警告或案例是特别为你而说的呢?


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利未记1~7章记载了5种献祭的条例。第一种献祭是“燔祭”。燔祭预表耶稣基督完全顺服父上帝的旨意,甘愿降卑,成为人的样子,死在十字架上,为人舍命赎罪(参来10:5~7;腓2:6~8)。

“如果你们中间有人把供物献给耶和华”这句话(2),表明献燔祭的人要出于甘心和自愿。诚然,主耶稣是自甘卑微,存心顺服,以至于死的。今天,我们也应当甘心乐意把自己的身体献上,当作活祭(参罗12:1~2)。

由于燔祭是甘心献的祭,所以献祭者可以按能力选择所要献上的祭物,包括“牛”、“绵羊”、“山羊”或“鸟”(3,10,14)。但要留意的是,祭牲必须没有残疾(3,10)。对今天的我们而言,若我们要把自己献上,便需要把心思意念和言语行为都分别为圣,以至可以亲近上帝,侍奉上帝,成为圣洁,合乎主用。

燔祭是“馨香的火祭”(9,13,17),是“蒙悦纳”的(3,4;另参罗12:1~2),这表明上帝因祭物流血死亡,代人赎罪,从而使人与上帝和好,蒙上帝悦纳。

另一方面,我们可以在经文中,留意献祭者在献燔祭时所要参与的地方:①“他要按手在燔祭牲的头上”(4):献祭者要在祭司面前说明来意,并向上帝祷告认罪,把罪“转移”到祭牲的身上,让祭牲承担献祭者的罪,求上帝洁净和接纳自己;②“他要在耶和华面前宰杀公牛”,献祭者要亲自操刀宰杀祭牲,表明祭牲因献祭者的罪而死,这肯定是非常痛苦和艰巨的工作,令献祭者留下深刻印象;③献祭者要把牛或羊的皮剥下来,并且把牛或羊切成一块一块的(6,11,12)。从上述各点可见,献祭者在整个献祭的过程中要积极参与,而且需要大量体力。今天,若我们要把身体献上当作活祭,同样需要积极地参与,这是很严肃的事。


献燔祭的人要把整头祭牲献上,以表明自己向上帝完全降服、毫无保留。今天我们有否把自己全然献上,降服在上帝面前呢?让我们同心作以下的祷告:“主啊,我愿听从你的呼召,把自己全然献在坛上;我深知你必会使用我,所以我愿意完全舍己,以你的美好旨意作为我的心志,并且为你而活。阿们!”


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向上帝献上赞美、认罪、立志及祈求


Tips:

若将灵修内容记录在灵修日记中,这会帮助你重温上帝对你的提醒、教导及带领。


【明日经文】利未记2:1~16

-The End-

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