【2021-06-26】免债


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上帝啊!我对你的亏欠实在太多,求你免去我的债,如同我免了人的债,奉主名求,阿们!


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利未记25: 23~55

赎回地土的条例

23 “地不可永远卖掉,因为地是我的;你们在我面前不过是寄居的和客旅。

‘The land must not be sold permanently, because the land is mine and you reside in my land as foreigners and strangers.

24 在你们所得为业的全地,你们应该让人有赎地的权利。

Throughout the land that you hold as a possession, you must provide for the redemption of the land.

25 如果你的兄弟贫穷,卖了部分地业,他的至亲可以来,把兄弟所卖的赎回。

If one of your fellow Israelites becomes poor and sells some of their property, their nearest relative is to come and redeem what they have sold.

26 如果没有代赎人,而他自己的经济能力改善,足够把地赎回,

If, however, there is no one to redeem it for them but later on they prosper and acquire sufficient means to redeem it themselves,

27 他就要计算卖地的年数,把余剩年数的出产数值还给那买主,他就可以收回自己的地业。

they are to determine the value for the years since they sold it and refund the balance to the one to whom they sold it; they can then go back to their own property.

28 如果他没有足够的能力为自己收回卖了的地,他所卖的就要存在买主的手里,直到禧年;到了禧年,买主必须把地归还,卖地的人可以收回自己的地业。

But if they do not acquire the means to repay, what was sold will remain in the possession of the buyer until the Year of Jubilee. It will be returned in the Jubilee, and they can then go back to their property.

赎回房屋的条例

29 “如果有人卖了一所城内的住宅,在卖了以后的一整年之内,他有赎回的权利;在这些日子以内,他随时可赎回。

‘Anyone who sells a house in a walled city retains the right of redemption a full year after its sale. During that time the seller may redeem it.

30 如果满了一年期不赎回,那所城内的房屋,就要确定归买主世世代代为业;就算到了禧年,买主也不必交出退还。

If it is not redeemed before a full year has passed, the house in the walled city shall belong permanently to the buyer and the buyer’s descendants. It is not to be returned in the Jubilee.

31 但房屋在四围没有城墙的村庄里,就要算为乡下的田地一样,是可以赎回的;到了禧年,买主要交出退还。

But houses in villages without walls around them are to be considered as belonging to the open country. They can be redeemed, and they are to be returned in the Jubilee.

32 至于利未人的城,就是他们所得为业的城,其中的房屋,利未人有随时可以赎回的权利。

The Levites always have the right to redeem their houses in the Levitical towns, which they possess.

33 如果一个利未人在他所得为业的城里,没有赎回已经卖了的房屋,到了禧年,买主仍要交出退还;因为利未人城里的房屋,是他们在以色列人中的产业。

So the property of the Levites is redeemable—that is, a house sold in any town they hold—and is to be returned in the Jubilee, because the houses in the towns of the Levites are their property among the Israelites.

34 只是他们城郊之地不可出卖,因为是他们永远的地业。

But the pastureland belonging to their towns must not be sold; it is their permanent possession.

借钱给穷人的条例

35 “如果你的兄弟贫穷,在你那里手头拮据,你要资助他,使他可以与你一同生活,像旅客寄居的一样。

‘If any of your fellow Israelites become poor and are unable to support themselves among you, help them as you would a foreigner and stranger, so they can continue to live among you.

36 你不可向他收取高利,却要敬畏你的上帝,使你的兄弟可以与你一同生活。

Do not take interest or any profit from them, but fear your God, so that they may continue to live among you.

37 你借钱给他,不可向他取利息;借粮给他,也不可要他多还。

You must not lend them money at interest or sell them food at a profit.

38 我是耶和华你们的上帝,曾经把你们从埃及地领出来,要把迦南地赐给你们,而且要作你们的上帝。

I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan and to be your God.

买卖奴婢的条例

39 “你的兄弟在你那里若是贫穷了,卖身给你,你不可逼他作奴仆的工作。

‘If any of your fellow Israelites become poor and sell themselves to you, do not make them work as slaves.

40 他在你那里要像雇工和寄居的一样;他要服事你直到禧年。

They are to be treated as hired workers or temporary residents among you; they are to work for you until the Year of Jubilee.

41 到了禧年,他和他的儿女要离开你,归回他本家,归回自己祖宗的地业。

Then they and their children are to be released, and they will go back to their own clans and to the property of their ancestors.

42 因为他们是我的仆人,是我从埃及地领出来的,他们不可以卖作奴仆。

Because the Israelites are my servants, whom I brought out of Egypt, they must not be sold as slaves.

43 你不可严严地辖制他,却要敬畏你的上帝。

Do not rule over them ruthlessly, but fear your God.

44 至于你需要的仆婢,可以来自你们四围的列国,你们可以从他们中间购买奴婢。

Your male and female slaves are to come from the nations around you; from them you may buy slaves.

45 你们也可以从那些与你们住在一起的外人的儿女中,或是从他们的家族中,就是那些与你们在一起,在你们境内所生的,购买奴婢;他们要作你们的产业。

You may also buy some of the temporary residents living among you and members of their clans born in your country, and they will become your property.

46 你们要把他们留给你们的子孙作永远的产业,你们要从他们中间取奴仆;只是你们的兄弟以色列人,你们却不可苛刻管辖。

You can bequeath them to your children as inherited property and can make them slaves for life, but you must not rule over your fellow Israelites ruthlessly.

寄居者自卖为奴的条例

47 “在你中间寄居的外人或是客旅若是富足起来,你的兄弟在他那里却渐渐穷乏,把自己卖给住在你那里寄居的外人或客旅的家族,

‘If a foreigner residing among you becomes rich and any of your fellow Israelites become poor and sell themselves to the foreigner or to a member of the foreigner’s clan,

48 卖了自己以后,他仍有赎回的权利;他兄弟中的任何一个都可以赎他;

they retain the right of redemption after they have sold themselves. One of their relatives may redeem them:

49 他的叔伯或是他叔伯的儿子可以赎他,他家族中的骨肉至亲也可以赎他;如果他自己的经济能力改善,也可以自赎。

An uncle or a cousin or any blood relative in their clan may redeem them. Or if they prosper, they may redeem themselves.

50 他要与买主计算,从卖身那一年起,直到禧年为止;照着年数的多少,按雇工的工价计算赎银。

They and their buyer are to count the time from the year they sold themselves up to the Year of Jubilee. The price for their release is to be based on the rate paid to a hired worker for that number of years.

51 如果卖身时还有很多年才到禧年,他就要按着年数,照他卖身的价银按比例偿还他的赎价。

If many years remain, they must pay for their redemption a larger share of the price paid for them.

52 如果距离禧年只有几年,他就按着年数,与买主计算,按雇工的工价,偿还他的赎价。

If only a few years remain until the Year of Jubilee, they are to compute that and pay for their redemption accordingly.

53 买主要像每年雇用的工人那样待他。不可在你眼前苛刻地管辖他。

They are to be treated as workers hired from year to year; you must see to it that those to whom they owe service do not rule over them ruthlessly.

54 如果他不在这些年间把自己赎回,到了禧年,也可以和他的儿女一同离去。

Even if someone is not redeemed in any of these ways, they and their children are to be released in the Year of Jubilee,

55 因为以色列人都是属我的仆人;他们是我的仆人,是我把他们从埃及地领了出来的;我是耶和华你们的上帝。”

for the Israelites belong to me as servants. They are my servants, whom I brought out of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.


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► 这段经文的要点是什么?

► 这段经文对于天父、主耶稣、圣灵有何启示?

► 这段经文怎样帮助你明白你自己、你的处境或你的人际关系?

► 这段经文有没有一个应许、命令、警告或案例是特别为你而说的呢?


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1. 买卖田地的条例(23~28):上帝表明“地不可永远卖掉”(23)。土地权以五十年为限。由于祭司早已推算出哪一年是禧年,因此百姓买卖土地时,可按照禧年的日子,按比例计算土地的价值;若卖地者想要提早赎回土地,也可按比例给予赎银,至于无钱赎回土地者,可等到禧年再把地取回。这样的安排,有助于以色列人解决跨代贫穷的问题,因为即使上一代的人卖出了田地,下一代的人仍有机会得回家业。

2. 买卖房屋的条例(29~34):跟土地不同,城里的房屋若卖出了,一年之内仍可赎回,否则即使到了禧年也不能收回。至于城外的房屋,由于跟耕地连在一起,所以要按禧年的条例处理。另一方面,上帝对利未人的房屋和田地,有不同的处理方法。若他们在城内有房屋,仍可按禧年的条款处理。至于他们在城外的田地,则不能卖。按圣经记载,利未人进入迦南以后,分散在四十八个城镇居住,又有城外的田地作为产业(参民35:1~8;书第21章;代上6:54~81)。这些特别的条款,可以保障利未人的生活。

3.善待同胞的条例(35~46):犹太人要因着敬畏上帝,而向有困难的同胞提供免息借贷。若有犹太人穷困到卖身的地步,同胞即使买了他,也不可把他当作奴隶(即不给工钱),而要把他当做雇工(即要支付酬劳);在禧年时,买他的同胞要使对方及其儿女重获自由,得回自己或祖先留下来的地业。

4.卖身给外人后的赎身指引(47~55):若百姓发现自己的兄弟、叔伯或近亲,穷困得要卖身给住在他们中间的外人,他们就可把他赎回。若那些卖身的人自己有钱(可能是后来在工作中得到报酬),也可以自己赎身,价值要按禧年的条款计算。否则到了禧年,这些卖身的人及其儿女,也可重获自由。


路得记的故事,充分反映出以色列民是如何应用本段经文的。因着律法的保障,路得可以自由地在波阿斯的禾场上拾取麦穗;波阿斯也乐意替路得寻找她丈夫的至近亲属,赎回田地。昔日的以色列人愿意互相照应,这对今天的基督徒有何提醒呢?另外,禧年的条款可以防止少数人积聚财富,让穷人有翻身的机会,可说是实践公义的典范。今天,我们又可以怎样秉行公义,荣耀上帝的名呢?


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→ 我们有没有具体的行动,能在生活中实践上帝的话语?

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若将灵修内容记录在灵修日记中,这会帮助你重温上帝对你的提醒、教导及带领。


【明日经文】利未记26:1~13

-The End-