【2021-06-19】蒙上帝赐福的生活


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上帝啊!求你帮助我,叫我禁止舌头不出恶言,嘴唇不说诡诈的话,并且时刻离恶行善,寻求和睦,奉主名求,阿们!


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利未记22:10~33

若非祭司不能吃祭物

10 “所有外族人都不可吃圣物;寄居在祭司家里的人或是受雇的雇工,都不可吃圣物。

‘No one outside a priest’s family may eat the sacred offering, nor may the guest of a priest or his hired worker eat it.

11 但是祭司用自己银子买来的仆人,就可以吃圣物;生在祭司家里的人,他们可以吃他的食物。

But if a priest buys a slave with money, or if slaves are born in his household, they may eat his food.

12 祭司的女儿若是嫁给外族人,就不可吃举祭的圣物。

If a priest’s daughter marries anyone other than a priest, she may not eat any of the sacred contributions.

13 但祭司的女儿若是寡妇,或是被休的,而且没有孩子,又回到自己的父家,像她年轻的时候一样,她就可以吃她父亲的食物;只是任何外族人都不可吃。

But if a priest’s daughter becomes a widow or is divorced, yet has no children, and she returns to live in her father’s household as in her youth, she may eat her father’s food. No unauthorized person, however, may eat it.

14 人若是误吃了圣物,就要加上五分之一,与圣物一起交给祭司。

Anyone who eats a sacred offering by mistake must make restitution to the priest for the offering and add a fifth of the value to it.

15 祭司不可亵渎以色列人献上给耶和华的圣物,

The priests must not desecrate the sacred offerings the Israelites present to the Lord

16 免得他们因吃了圣物而担当罪孽过犯;因为我是使他们分别为圣的耶和华。”

by allowing them to eat the sacred offerings and so bring upon them guilt requiring payment. I am the Lord, who makes them holy.’”

不可用有残疾的祭牲

17 耶和华对摩西说:

The Lord said to Moses,

18 “你要告诉亚伦和亚伦的儿子,以及所有以色列人,对他们说:任何以色列家的人,或是在以色列中寄居的外人,奉献供物的时候,无论是为还愿,或是甘心献给耶和华的燔祭,

“Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites and say to them: ‘If any of you—whether an Israelite or a foreigner residing in Israel—presents a gift for a burnt offering to the Lord, either to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering,

19 就要把没有残疾的公牛,或公绵羊,或公山羊献上,才蒙悦纳。

you must present a male without defect from the cattle, sheep or goats in order that it may be accepted on your behalf.

20 有残疾的,你们都不可献上,因为这是不蒙悦纳的。

Do not bring anything with a defect, because it will not be accepted on your behalf.

21 人若是为了还愿,或是甘心把牛羊献给耶和华作平安祭,总要献上一只完全、没有任何瑕疵的祭物,才蒙悦纳。

When anyone brings from the herd or flock a fellowship offering to the Lord to fulfill a special vow or as a freewill offering, it must be without defect or blemish to be acceptable.

22 瞎眼、折伤、残废、伤口溃疡、长癣或生疹的牲畜,你们都不可献给耶和华,不可把这些当作火祭放在祭坛上献给耶和华,

Do not offer to the Lord the blind, the injured or the maimed, or anything with warts or festering or running sores. Do not place any of these on the altar as a food offering presented to the Lord.

23 无论是公牛或是绵羊羔,如果肢体畸形或有缺陷的,你可以作甘心祭献上;如果作还愿祭献上,就不蒙悦纳。

You may, however, present as a freewill offering an ox or a sheep that is deformed or stunted, but it will not be accepted in fulfillment of a vow.

24 内脏损伤、压碎、破裂,或割掉的,你们都不可献与耶和华;在你们将来居住的地方,你们不可行这样的事;

You must not offer to the Lord an animal whose testicles are bruised, crushed, torn or cut. You must not do this in your own land,

25 也不可从外人手里接受这一类的牲畜,作你们上帝的食物;因为这些都有损坏,有残疾,必不蒙悦纳。”

and you must not accept such animals from the hand of a foreigner and offer them as the food of your God. They will not be accepted on your behalf, because they are deformed and have defects.’”

26 耶和华对摩西说:

The Lord said to Moses,

27 “公牛或是绵羊或是山羊生下来以后,七天要与它的母亲在一起,从第八天开始,它就可以蒙悦纳,作献给耶和华火祭的供物。

“When a calf, a lamb or a goat is born, it is to remain with its mother for seven days. From the eighth day on, it will be acceptable as a food offering presented to the Lord.

28 无论是牛或羊,你们都不可在同一日之内宰杀母和子。

Do not slaughter a cow or a sheep and its young on the same day.

29 如果你们献感恩祭给耶和华,要献得可蒙悦纳。

When you sacrifice a thank offering to the Lord, sacrifice it in such a way that it will be accepted on your behalf.

30 祭肉要当天吃完,一点都不可留到早晨;我是耶和华。

It must be eaten that same day; leave none of it till morning. I am the Lord.

31 你们要谨守遵行我的诫命;我是耶和华。

Keep my commands and follow them. I am the Lord.

32 你们不可亵渎我的圣名,我在以色列人中间要被尊为圣;我是使你们分别为圣的耶和华,

Do not profane my holy name, for I must be acknowledged as holy by the Israelites. I am the Lord, who made you holy

33 曾把你们从埃及地领出来,要作你们的上帝;我是耶和华。”

and who brought you out of Egypt to be your God. I am the Lord.”


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► 这段经文的要点是什么?

► 这段经文对于天父、主耶稣、圣灵有何启示?

► 这段经文怎样帮助你明白你自己、你的处境或你的人际关系?

► 这段经文有没有一个应许、命令、警告或案例是特别为你而说的呢?


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本段经文接续22:1~9,继续论述如何处理祭物的问题。

1.谁可吃祭物(10~16):祭物是“圣物”(10,11,12,14,15,16,20),所以必须小心处理,若有人误吃了,就要进行赔偿。赔偿的方法是,由祭司估计被取去的圣物价值,再加上五分之一的罚金。概括而言,原则上只有祭司自己家里的人(包括奴隶)才可以分享祭物,至于其他外人(即使他们正跟祭司住在一起)一律不可吃。

2.怎样的牲畜才可以献为祭物(17~25):凡百姓献为祭物的牲畜,都要经过祭司的检查,看看是否有“损伤”或“残疾”。在这里,“损伤”或“残疾”的意思包括“瞎眼、折伤、残疾、伤口溃疡、长癣或生疹的”(22)、“内脏损伤、压碎、破裂、割掉的”(24)。至于百姓献平安祭中的甘心祭时,则容许献上的祭牲有少许瑕疵(23)。

3.宰杀牛羊的附例(26~33):按律法规定,初生的牛羊不可立即宰杀,而要等到第八天才可以献上。第27节特别提到“公牛,或是(公)绵羊或是(公)山羊”,相信是因为以色列的男孩子要在第八天行割礼,以此立约成为上帝的子民,所以同样道理,用作献祭、洁净的雄性牲畜,也要等到第八天,即归耶和华为圣的期限,才可宰杀。此外,百姓不可在一天之内,同时宰杀母牛和其小牛,这可能是出于人道的缘故,叫以色列人操练仁慈之心。相似的例子记载在申命记22:6~7,百姓不可从鸟巢中同时取去母鸟和雏鸟,而只可取雏鸟,放走母鸟,因为母鸟仍要照顾其他雏鸟。


利未记可说是一部祭司手册,上帝在当中给予祭司清楚的指引,好叫他们知道怎样在会幕中事奉上帝,同时又明白上帝的要求,并按其中的内容教导百姓,过圣洁的生活。但与此同时,我们要明白,上帝的律法典章并不是用来捆绑人的,而是要叫人知道如何生活,享受在律法中的自由。让我们谨记,遵行上帝的话,对于人、家庭、社会、以至国家,都是极为有益的。凡按照上帝的话去行的,必然蒙福。


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Tips:

若将灵修内容记录在灵修日记中,这会帮助你重温上帝对你的提醒、教导及带领。


【明日经文】以西结书16:59~63

-The End-