【2021-06-05】生命的重建


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亲爱的天父,我的生命何等脆弱,但感谢你,因你以创造的大能保守我、建立我,奉主名求,阿们!


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利未记15:1~33

1 耶和华对摩西和亚伦说:

The Lord said to Moses and Aaron,

2 “你们要告诉以色列人,对他们说:如果男子的下体有异常排泄,他的排泄物是不洁净的,3 这异常排泄就使他不洁净;无论下体仍有排泄流出,或是下体的排泄已经止住了,他都是不洁净的。4 有异常排泄的人睡过的床,都是不洁净的;他坐过的家具,都必不洁净。5 谁触摸他的床,都要洗净自己的衣服,用水洗澡,并且不洁净到晚上。6 谁坐了有异常排泄的人所坐过的家具,要洗净自己的衣服,用水洗澡,并且不洁净到晚上。7 触摸了有异常排泄的人的身体,就要洗净自己的衣服,用水洗澡,并且不洁净到晚上。8 有异常排泄症的人,若是吐唾沫在洁净的人身上,那人就要洁净自己的衣服,用水洗澡,并且不洁净到晚上。9 有异常排泄的人坐过的鞍,都不洁净。10 谁触摸他身下任何东西,都不洁净到晚上;拿了这些东西的,要洗净自己的衣服,用水洗澡,并且不洁净到晚上。11 谁触摸有异常排泄的人,而没有洗手,就要洗净自己的衣服,用水洗澡,并且不洁净到晚上。12 有异常排泄的人摸过的瓦器,必须打碎;他摸过的任何木器,都要用水洗净。

“Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When any man has an unusual bodily discharge, such a discharge is unclean. Whether it continues flowing from his body or is blocked, it will make him unclean. This is how his discharge will bring about uncleanness: Any bed the man with a discharge lies on will be unclean, and anything he sits on will be unclean. Anyone who touches his bed must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening. Whoever sits on anything that the man with a discharge sat on must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening. Whoever touches the man who has a discharge must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening. If the man with the discharge spits on anyone who is clean, they must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening. Everything the man sits on when riding will be unclean, and whoever touches any of the things that were under him will be unclean till evening; whoever picks up those things must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening. Anyone the man with a discharge touches without rinsing his hands with water must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening. A clay pot that the man touches must be broken, and any wooden article is to be rinsed with water.

13 “有异常排泄的人痊愈的时候,就要为自己得洁净计算七天,洗净自己的衣服,用活水洗身,就洁净了。14 第八天,他要带两只斑鸠或是两只雏鸽,来到耶和华面前,在会幕门口交给祭司。15 祭司要把它们献上,一只作赎罪祭,一只作燔祭;祭司因那人的异常排泄,要在耶和华面前为他赎罪。

‘When a man is cleansed from his discharge, he is to count off seven days for his ceremonial cleansing; he must wash his clothes and bathe himself with fresh water, and he will be clean. On the eighth day he must take two doves or two young pigeons and come before the Lord to the entrance to the tent of meeting and give them to the priest. The priest is to sacrifice them, the one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. In this way he will make atonement before the Lord for the man because of his discharge.

16 “人若是遗精,就要用水把全身洗净,并且不洁净到晚上。17 无论是衣服或是皮革,被精液染污,都要用水洗净,并且不洁净到晚上。18 至于女人,男人若是与她同睡性交,两人都要用水洗澡,并且不洁净到晚上。

‘When a man has an emission of semen, he must bathe his whole body with water, and he will be unclean till evening. Any clothing or leather that has semen on it must be washed with water, and it will be unclean till evening. When a man has sexual relations with a woman and there is an emission of semen, both of them must bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening.

女子月经不洁之条例

19 “如果女人身上排泄的是经血,她必污秽七天;摸她的,都不洁净到晚上。20 在她污秽的时期,她躺过的东西,都不洁净;她坐过的东西,也都不洁净。21 触摸她的床的,都要洗净自己的衣服,用水洗澡,并且不洁净到晚上。22 触摸她坐过的任何家具,都要洗净自己的衣服,用水洗澡,并且不洁净到晚上。23 在女人的床上,或是在她坐过的家具上,如果有别的东西,人摸了它,就不洁净到晚上。24 男人若是与那女人同睡,染上她的污秽,就不洁净七天;他躺过的床都不洁净。

‘When a woman has her regular flow of blood, the impurity of her monthly period will last seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean till evening. Anything she lies on during her period will be unclean, and anything she sits on will be unclean. Anyone who touches her bed will be unclean; they must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening. Anyone who touches anything she sits on will be unclean; they must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening. Whether it is the bed or anything she was sitting on, when anyone touches it, they will be unclean till evening. If a man has sexual relations with her and her monthly flow touches him, he will be unclean for seven days; any bed he lies on will be unclean.

25 “女人若是在月经污秽期以外,血漏多日;或是月经污秽期过长,患有血漏症;她在这些血漏的日子是不洁净的,好像她在月经污秽的日子不洁净一样。26 她在血漏症的日子躺过的床,都像她在月经污秽时的床一样;她所坐过的家具,都不洁净,像月经污秽的时候一样。27 触摸这些东西的,都不洁净;要洗净自己的衣服,用水洗澡,并且不洁净到晚上。28 女人的血漏若是洁净了,她要计算七天,然后就洁净了。

‘When a woman has a discharge of blood for many days at a time other than her monthly period or has a discharge that continues beyond her period, she will be unclean as long as she has the discharge, just as in the days of her period. Any bed she lies on while her discharge continues will be unclean, as is her bed during her monthly period, and anything she sits on will be unclean, as during her period. Anyone who touches them will be unclean; they must wash their clothes and bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening. When she is cleansed from her discharge, she must count off seven days, and after that she will be ceremonially clean.

29 第八天,她要拿两只斑鸠或两只雏鸽,带到会幕门口,交给祭司。30 祭司要献一只作赎罪祭,一只作燔祭;祭司要在耶和华面前,因那妇人血漏的不洁,为她赎罪。

On the eighth day she must take two doves or two young pigeons and bring them to the priest at the entrance to the tent of meeting. The priest is to sacrifice one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. In this way he will make atonement for her before the Lord for the uncleanness of her discharge.

31 “你们要这样叫以色列人远离他们的不洁,免得他们玷污我在他们中间的会幕,他们就因自己的不洁而死亡。”

‘You must keep the Israelites separate from things that make them unclean, so they will not die in their uncleanness for defiling my dwelling place, which is among them.’”

32 以上是关于因为异常排泄和遗精,成为不洁净,33 以及患病污秽的妇女和患血漏的男女,还有男人与不洁净的女人同睡的律例。

These are the regulations for a man with a discharge, for anyone made unclean by an emission of semen, for a woman in her monthly period, for a man or a woman with a discharge, and for a man who has sexual relations with a woman who is ceremonially unclean.


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► 这段经文的要点是什么?

► 这段经文对于天父、主耶稣、圣灵有何启示?

► 这段经文怎样帮助你明白你自己、你的处境或你的人际关系?

► 这段经文有没有一个应许、命令、警告或案例是特别为你而说的呢?


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本章经文分别论及男人(2~18,第2节“如果男子的下体有异常排泄”)和女人(19~30)患漏症的处理方法。在这里,男人的漏症包括因身体虚弱而遗精,或梦遗,或丈夫在性交时排精等。至于女人,利未记作者指出,妻子性交后也算为不洁(18)。此外,女子在月经期间,七天之内算为不洁。而假如女子在经期七天之后仍然有血,就要等到经血停止后,再计算七天,才算洁净。患漏症的人,无论男女,他们坐过的地方都算为污秽,若其他人摸了这些地方,也算为不洁,要跟患漏症的人一样,到晚上沐浴更衣。

漏症患者痊愈之后,要再等待七天,然后用活水(如河水、泉水)洗身,洁净衣物。第八日,患者要前往会幕,献上两只斑鸠或雏鸽,分别作为赎罪祭和燔祭(14~15,29~30)。然而,若人因为夫妇间的性行为而不洁净,则不必献祭,只需用水洗澡便可(18)。

概括而言,有关漏症的条例可以分为两类:第一种属于正常的生理现象,例如梦遗、夫妻性交、妇人的月经,有这些问题的人只需事后沐浴更衣,而不需到会幕献上祭物;另一种漏症属于病态的现象,如经常遗精或经期过长等。其实,属病态的漏症患者当时要承受很大的痛苦(例如太9:20~22),他们不仅身体非常虚弱,也没有人(包括至亲的家人)愿意接近他们,以免沾染污秽。然而感谢上帝,虽然他们会因病而陷于“不洁净”(有不完整、有缺陷的意思)的状态,但他们可以借着血祭(或活水)来洁净自己,重建生命。


或许不少人认为,利未记的大部分内容都属于律法规条,给人很烦琐和很多束缚的感觉。然而,若我们深入想一下,便会发现在摩西时代,由于卫生常识不足,加上生活和居住环境十分简陋,上帝的律法正好为百姓提供了极全面和周到的照顾。另一方面,利未记14~15章所论及的洁净礼仪,重点是建立而不是刑罚,同时上帝要借着这些条例防止疾病的传播。感谢圣洁的上帝,祂借着律法,指引人走当行的路,又为人提供了洁净的途径!让我们今天以感恩的心,默想以下经文:“律法是圣洁的,诫命也是圣洁、公义和良善的。”(罗7:12)


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【明日经文】利未记16:1~34

-The End-